Knowledge on Biomimicry
Biomimicry or biomimetics is the research of nature’s models, techniques, elements, and procedures in order to gain ideas to resolve human difficulties. From the Greek term bios meaning life and mimesis which means to imitate, the term biomimicry is made. Other words that are often utilized in this discipline are bionics, bio-inspiration, and biognosis.
Nature has gone through a massive trial and error procedure in order to refine living things, procedures, and components of the environments throughout billions of years. Many new technologies made from biological engineering in all areas down to even the nanoscale have been inspired by the field of biomimicry. Since the beginning of mankind, humans have been looking to nature to resolve problems of both intricate and simplistic character. Mother nature has influenced approaches to many current engineering difficulties including resistance to the wind, harnessing solar energy, and power challenges.
The word biomimetics is often used to describe the movement of concepts from biology to the field of technology. The term did not enter Webster’s Dictionary right up until 1974 and is defined as “the study of the creation, structure, or function of biologically produced substances and materials and biological mechanisms and processes specifically for the objective of synthesizing similar products by synthetic mechanisms which imitate natural ones.”
An early instance of biomimicry was researching birds to inspire human flight. Leonardo da Vinci acutely analyzed the physiology and flight of wild birds, even though he wasn’t effective in developing a flying device. He made numerous drawings and comments on his observations and drew many potential designs for flying machines. The Wright Brothers, more productive in their ventures, derived inspiration for their aircraft by observing pigeons in flight.
The imitation of nano and macro scale structures and procedures is called nanobiomimicry. A plethora of nano-sized components which they can use to produce brand new materials is one thing that mother nature gives people. A few examples of natural stuff that may be used to create new materials are bacteria, diatoms, viruses, and biomolecules. Nanodevices including nanowires and quantum dots have powered engineering in a manner that more standard human methods couldn’t.
Specialists from several fields have been brought together by the discipline of biomimicry because it demands a great deal of collaboration. It requires professionals including biologists, engineers, physicists, material scientists, and nanotechnologists. Because of biomimicry, the growing field of nanotechnology has created numerous materials and enabled experts to create incredible biological replications ..
Commonly used today, there are lots of fascinating types of innovations as a result of biomimicry. When a Swiss engineer noticed that burrs were very difficult to eliminate from his canine’s fur, the creation of velcro was inspired. He created the system of one strip of rings and one of hooks when he viewed under a microscope and noticed that the burrs had very small hooks which stuck in anything with a loop. The glow in the dark aquarium fish found in today’s family pet shops are another instance of a biomimicry innovation. When researchers found florescent proteins found in jellyfish, these enjoyable and interesting household pets were inspired. Delivering fabulous innovative developments to people around the globe is something the discipline of biomimicry will continue to do.
Published: March 9, 2012, 01:37 | Comments Off on Knowledge on Biomimicry