The Basics of Flower Arranging

Everyone likes flowers, they have an exceptional ability to brighten up any room..

Though many of us won’t spend much time when arranging our flowers, it’s not difficult to learn how to do it properly. Spend a little time on your arrangement and the results can look quite impressive.
Arranging flowers isn’t a difficult task, try out the suggestions below for some impressive results.

Decide on the Type of Arrangement You Would Like

There are numerous different types available here.

It might be a traditional table arrangement in a vase or a bouquet as a gift or a really creative conversational piece. Don’t be afraid of being creative, there are countless ways of presenting different types of arrangements

Shape of Arrangement

You may be surprised to discover that there are a number of different standard forms of flower arrangement, these are:

Triangular arrangement: a very popular type of arrangement. The line flowers are first of all positioned to form a triangular shape, the triangle has to be taller than it is wide.

Vertical arrangement: As the name suggests these are tall, slim arrangements. These are great for showing long, focal blooms. Use a tall container to put your flowers in, it is only required to be wide enough to add only a small number of surrounding flowers.

Horizontal arrangement: great for a large table adornments the horizontal arrangement is wide and low. A classic horizontal arrangement is symmetrical in shape and the placement of flowers. The width should be twice the height. The container needs to be shallow and wide, the focal flower(s) in the middle and line flowers placed almost horizontally.

Crescent arrangement: the crescent arrangement is somewhat more difficult when compared with many of the others however will look very good as a small table decoration. The crescent is asymmetrical but should be balanced aesthetically and physical so it does not fall over. In addition to your flowers you’ll most likely need branches and leaves to be able to form the crescent. To keep the arrangement steady it’s a good idea to use a wide, shallow container/vase.

Oval arrangement: good for formal setting or at home.. Select a short and broad vase for an oval arrangement.

Minimal arrangement: this flower arrangement usually is composed of just a small number of flowers in a smallish vase. Quite often a solitary stem and flower with just a handful of filler flowers is the most effective option. .

Hogarth’s Curve: challenging “S” shape that typically requires a lot of skill to pull off . Essentially the Lazy “S” is a minimal flower arrangement based on the contours of the letter S. First of all place the line flowers or greenery (if preferred) and gently curve to form the S shape. Focal along with filler flowers are then placed at the center of the arrangement.

Arrangement Color Scheme:

Would you like a dark, relaxing green/lilac/blue arrangement or perhaps a more vibrant yellow/red/orange one? The effect of colour is substantial, the colours in the arrangement (which includes the container) are the key factor in determining the overall feel of the arrangement.
If you’re not familiar with colour theory, spend a while reading about it – there is loads about it on the net.Understanding of color theory can be very useful here, take a look at some of the guides on the net.

Some of the options are complimentary colours – colours from the opposing sides of the colour wheel like green and red or blue and orange, or ‘analogous colors’ related colours that are adjacent to one another on the colour wheel like yellow and orange or red and purple.

Another option of course is to apply a less academic approach and select colours which you find interesting.

Remember colours can often convey a number of sentiments like love, sympathy, friendship, happiness etc. Try to choose the colours for the sentiments you are conveying.

Selecting The Flowers

As soon as you walk into your florist you might be overwhelmed with the range of flowers at first but they can all be narrowed down into a few fundamental types:

Line flowers – Line flowers provide your bouquet with height, width and shape. They are tall and slim ideally with buds along the stem. Well-known line flowers are snapdragons, gladiolus, curly willow, delphinium, tuberose and bells-of-Ireland. You can use tall foliage or branches in place of line flowers

Mass flowers – these flowers give the arrangement weight, they’re normally rounded and full faced. Typical mass flowers (sometimes referred to as focal flowers) include daisies, magnolias, roses, daffodils, carnations, tulips, sunflowers, iris and lilies. Generally bought in bunches and are normally placed at the centre of the arrangement.

Filler flowers – smaller blooms used to fill the spaces in your arrangement. Common filler flowers are : heather, ferns, aster, feverfew, Queen Anne’s lace, baby’s breath and eucalyptus. Filler flowers can also be excellent candidates for dried flower arrangements.

There are some other things you should bear in mind when selecting the flowers:

Forget about the rules – you’ll find a multitude of guides and articles written on mixing colours and flowers and with them many rules. In the event the rules say they ought not go together but you feel they should, put them together – you’re probably right.

Assembling the Arrangement

Make sure you place the flowers into the vase in this order : line flowers and then focal flowers and then filler flowers.
As you are placing the flowers aim to retain a balance of colour throughout, no particular flower or colour should dominate the arrangement.

Cut a piece of floral foam just big enough to fit inside your container but sticking out about 1 in . higher than it’s rim .. Don’t rush it place one flower at a time Cut the stems to the length required. Use a cutting knife to slant and also shape the stems and remove any flowers or leaves that will be below the water line. For most arrangements all flowers should face outwards

Published: March 9, 2012, 15:24 | Comments Off on The Basics of Flower Arranging
Category: garden

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